5 Camera Basics to Master

Apr 17, 2023

Where Do You Start?

If you’re trying to get started in any form of photography and are unsure of where to begin; here is your guide to the 5 basics you will need to master. These basics will form the foundation of your photography career – everything you learn after this is icing on the cake to get beautifully breathtaking photos.

Shutter Speed


Shutter speed is a crucial element of photography that affects how your photos will look. It represents the length of time that your camera’s shutter remains open when taking a picture. This duration of time impacts the amount of light that enters the camera, and ultimately affects the brightness of your photograph.

The speed of the shutter is measured in fractions of a second, such as 1/1000 or 1/60. A faster shutter speed freezes fast-moving action and minimizes motion blur, while a slower shutter speed can create a sense of motion in a photo or intentionally capture motion blur. You can be creative when playing around with these settings to get your desired affect.

Understanding the impact of shutter speed on your photos is essential for achieving that desired look and feel of your shots. As you experiment with different shutter speeds, it’s important to keep in mind the potential for camera shake, which can occur when using slower shutter speeds. In such cases, using a tripod or other stabilizing device can help you capture sharp, clear images.




Aperture is a critical element that controls the amount of light that enters the camera when taking a photo. It’s measured in f-stops, with smaller numbers indicating a wider opening and larger numbers indicating a smaller opening.

A wider aperture (smaller f-stop number) allows more light to enter the camera and creates a shallow depth of field. This effect is useful for isolating a subject from its background or blurring the background for a pleasing bokeh effect. Conversely, a smaller aperture (larger f-stop number) allows less light to enter the camera and creates a larger depth of field. This effect is useful for capturing landscapes or architecture, where you want to keep everything in focus from the foreground to the background.

By understanding how aperture works and experimenting with different settings, you can achieve your desired artistic vision and create stunning images.

Don’t be afriad to test the higher and lower numbers. Practicing with your camera means using every aspect of the controls.




ISO controls the sensitivity of your camera’s sensor to light. It determines the brightness of your photos in relation to the amount of available light.

It is measured in numbers, with higher numbers indicating increased sensitivity to light. Higher ISO settings are useful in low-light conditions or when you need a faster shutter speed. However, higher ISO settings can also introduce noise or grain into your photos, which can detract from the overall quality of the image.

Conversely, lower ISO settings result in a cleaner image, but require more available light or longer exposure times to create a well-exposed photo.

It’s important to balance ISO with aperture and shutter speed, as all three elements affect the exposure of your photos.



Angles are a powerful creative tool in photography that can greatly impact the look and feel of your images. By experimenting with different angles, you can change the perspective and composition of your subject, ultimately affecting the overall mood and atmosphere of the photo.

Practicing different angles can help you develop your personal style and artistic vision. Knowing your style and what you offer will help you more confidently advertise your photography.

By becoming comfortable with different angles, you can also develop a deeper understanding of how they can be used to tell a story or convey a specific emotion. You may find that shooting from a low angle adds a sense of strength to your subject, or that shooting from a high angle creates a feeling of distance or detachment.

Ultimately, mastering the use of angles requires practice and experimentation. By trying different angles and observing the effects they have on your images, you can hone your skills and develop a stronger sense of your own style and vision. Whether you’re shooting portraits, landscapes, or abstract compositions, using angles creatively can add depth, emotion, and intrigue to your photography.



Lighting is one of the most essential elements of photography that can make or break a photo. Proper lighting can enhance the colors, textures, and details in your subject, while poor lighting can result in dull, washed-out images.

There are several different types of lighting that photographers use, including natural light, artificial light, and a combination of both. Understanding how to work with different types of lighting is crucial for achieving the desired look and feel of your photos. For example, shooting during golden hour, the time just after sunrise or just before sunset when the light is soft and warm, can create a beautiful, dreamy effect in your photos. On the other hand, shooting in harsh midday sun can result in harsh shadows and blown-out highlights.

Using artificial lighting can also be a powerful tool in photography. Studio lights can be used to create a specific mood or atmosphere, while lamps or other household lighting can be used for creative effects.

Learning how to control and manipulate lighting can take time and practice, but it’s worth it for the impact it can have on your photography. By observing the way light interacts with your subject, you can learn how to use it to your advantage and create stunning images that capture the mood and emotion of your subject.

Remember – This is Something You Love

Photography is meant to bring people together. We learn from one another and grow as a community. Finding new friends within the field can help you tremendously in your journey as a photographer – and as a person.

Make the most of your time and focus on having fun with it. For as much as this profession can be serious at time, it’s good to shine light on the fun aspects of it.

The three most important things in photography is to have fun, meet new people, and practice. Nothing comes without hard work, but when you have others there with you it doesn’t seem to be that hard anymore.

Good luck and shoot for the stars!